Wednesday, January 11, 2017

Off-Road bikes in Nepal


Generally we may find all bikes similar. But due to design and feature it is categorized into Off-road and On-road. This doesn’t mean we cannot ride On-road bikes on Off-road and vice versa. The motor bikes which have the features of Off- road can be easily ride on both on road and off road but the motor bikes which have the features of On-road cannot be easily ride on off road. Off road bikes are also termed as dot-bike.
In Nepal more than a dozen companies sale only Off- road motor bikes. This type of motor bikes costs from minimum range of 4 lakhs to 10 lakhs. In Nepal officially off road bikes were thought to be introduced around 1982. At that time the bikes brought were Honda XL 125 and XL 185 of Japanese Company Honda.

In recent years, Nepal has witnessed high rise in the sale of Off-road bikes. One can find bikes of companies like Hartford, Honda, Crossfire, Reiju, BSE, Ducati, Suzuki, Cross X, UM in Nepalese road.  Mostly youngsters prefer dot-bikes. Off-road bikes are suitable in Nepalese road as it has less blacktopped road and it can be ride on the small track road where four wheeler vehicles cannot go. Previously there was high preference of sports bikes by youngsters and now it has shifted to dot bikes. Among the dot-bikes VR was very popular but now due to the increase demand of Off -road bikes various other companies has extended their market to Nepal and now one can choose their best preference among them. The dot-bikes are imported mostly from China as assembled one. The price is significantly high because China to import from third countries.

Features off Road bikes

  • They are normally very light compared to On-road bikes. Their components are made through Aluminum and fiber and have small fuel tank.
  • High Ground Clearance
  • Flexible Shock


Engine:  150 cc
Price: 2 lakhs 72 thousands
Engine: 223 cc
 Price: 4 lakhs 70 thousands (predicted)


Engine: 200 cc
Price: 3 lakhs 70 thousands
Engine: 223cc
Price: 3 lakhs 99 thousands


Engine: 250 cc
Price: 9 lakhs 90 thousand

Cross fire

Engine: 220 cc
Price: 6 lakhs 10 thousand
Engine: 450cc
Price: 9 lakhs 15 thousand


Engine: 150cc
Price: 3 lakh 25 thousands
Engine: 230 cc
Price: 4 lakhs 25 thousands

Gadgets trend of 2017


   We can obviously see some new gadgets trend in this year 2017 as the field of IT is rapidly increasing one in the world now. There are researches being carried out day by day in developing new gadgets, application and their new features. New technologies are developed. To cope with increasing competition big companies are spending their knowledge, time and money to develop different gadgets than others.

         In 2016, Samsung S7and S7Edge, iphone 7 and 7 plus, Google Pixel Phone, Microsoft Surface Pro gained significant popularity. Likewise companies like Huawai, Gionee, Oppo took market due to their new technology gadgets.

Here, the upcoming gadgets to be released in 2017 and their likely features are highlighted:

1.Apple iphone 8
Good multisensor Camera, 12Mp Back camera, 7MP front camera
Improved home Button
3.5mm jack
OALED 5.8 curved display
Wireless charging
7.1 mm thick
2900 MAH Battery
Display zoom
A11 processor, 4GB RAM, Quad core CPU
32, 128, 258 GB Internal storage option

 2. Samsung Galaxy S8
4k ULD Display
S8 intelligence voice Assistant
5.7 MOLED screen
Gorilla Glass 5
12 Dual rear camera and 8MP front camera
6GB RAM and 64 or 128 GB internal storage with Micro SD slot
3000 MAh Battery
Android 7.0
Qualcom Snapdragon 830 Chipset

3.  Samsung Galaxy Note 8

4. Nokia Android Smartphone

5.Microsoft Surface Smartphone

Folding and curve display Gadgets

        Folding and curve display gadgets are not necessarily new. Nokia and Samsung and other companies have used it in their feature Phones before. Different companies have successfully tested folding phones. Now mobile phone users can probably get such phones with folding and curved display in this year. Now Apple Inc. is planning to come in market with this type of phones as like Samsung’s S version Flagship Phones. Lenovo had kept folding display mobile in Tech- world 2016 for demonstration.

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

What do Car enthusiasts/buyers seek nowadays in Nepal?


   It’s normal for people to keep concern about the things they buy.  People nowadays are aware of daily usable goods so it’s not a great deal finding people being aware of long term usable goods.

Consumers like to have branded and sophisticated items if they are expensive and long term usable. Among them is Car, Car lovers search for luxury, infotainment and security.

 Vehicle manufacturing companies are increasing their investment in developing new technologies. In this context, newly features arrive on car like monthly, which has made difficult in choosing desired one.

Firstly anyone may search for a luxurious seat. If seat are not luxurious no one is happy for that. Another feature that people like to have is height adjustable steering so that every member of the family may drive. Likewise there is growing concern about the security issues in the car like Backup Camera, Air bag. Apart from this:

Smart Watch in Nepal

The use of watch now is not limited for time only. In the name of “Smart Watch” in the market nowadays the modern watch works as minicomputer. Due to its attractive design and function it is becoming popular in Nepali Market also.   

Although it was introduced in global market a bit before it is just now becoming popular in Nepal. Still to some it may be an unknown product. 

We can find from rupees 2 thousand to about 1 lakh. We can get cheap Chinese smart watch to expensive ones of Samsung and Apple.

The sale of inexpensive and unguaranteed Chinese smart watch is high in the market. The watch does several function of mobile itself. The increase production of mobile was about to displace watch, but now smart watch is flowing in the market.
We can read e-mail and message likewise browse internet, camera, Calendar, Music control, Alarm, Map and Weather Alert, Bluetooth and WiFi connectivity. It can be connected to Smartphone and other wireless devices for phone call, message, and social network and use different other applications. Some Smartphone works as portable media player also.

Currently Apple, Samsung, Huawai, LG are manufacturing different features Smart phones in the global market.

Myopia and its status in Nepal


Nepal is seeing a high rise in the number of myopia-related cases in recent years. In fact, according to a report published by our Ministry of Health and Population in 2011, there were an estimated 11 million cases of myopia in the country.  According to a report published by the World Health Organization (WHO), there was an  estimated case of  158 million cases of myopia worldwide in 2007. By some estimates, one-third of the world’s population—2.5 billion people—could be affected by shortsightedness by the end of this decade.

What causes Myopia?

Definition:   Myopia (Nearsightedness) is a refractive defect of the eye in which distant object appear blurred because their image are focused in front of the retina rather than on it.
Myopia is the most common refractive error of the eye and is becoming more prevalent. Severe Myopia can lead to other complications such as retinal detachment, eye floaters and macular degeneration.


  Our eyes were never designed by evolution for the way we use them today. In order for the eye to focus on close objects, the ciliary muscle tightens and causes the lens of the eye to thicken. Constant focusing on close objects causes a spam on the ciliary muscle, a constant pulling on the sclera and a related pressure increases in the vitreous or large chamber of the eye. As the sclera stretches and becomes larger, the body creates more liquid in the vitreous to fill the increased volume. This is the body’s simple way of refining the vision by reducing the normal farsightedness of the infant. This natural elongation of the eye becomes abnormal when the eye has no farsightedness left and moves into a myopic condition. 

Genetic Causation:

  • More correlated in identical twins than fraternal twins
  • More correlated between parents and children than “by chance”
  • Gene mutations associated with severe Myopia (SCO2)
  • Wide Variation between different ethnic groups
        Asia 70-90%

        Europe/America 30-40%
        Africa 10-20%

Environmental Causation:

  • Large increase among Aboriginal People after Western Schooling 
  • Correlation between Myopia prevalence and academic achievement
  • Experimental demonstration of defocus- induced ocular growth in animals

Diet and Myopia:

  • Some studies implicate contribution to Myopia from
  • Hyperinsulinamia and insulin resistance
  • Excess intake of carbhohydrate and whole grains
  • Deficiency of fish Oil and essential fatty acids
  • Mineral Deficiency (Copper)

How Can Myopia be reversed?


Hormesis is the beneficial response of an organism to a low dose stressor that is otherwise detrimental or lethal at high dose.


Exercise                                             Active focusing
Immunization                                    UV radiation
Calorie restriction                              Phytonutrients
Cold exposure                                   Callus formation
Heat Exposure                                   Barefoot running   

Active Focusing techniques

1.Print pushing

For Myopes, this is done by repeatedly pushing a printed page just slightly outside the range of focus, and allowing it to sharpen up or clear. The eye gradually adapts to increase its range. This can be done with different objects at different ranges. So it can be done with fine print close up, but also with larger objects in the distance. It is  especially useful to focus sharp lines, such as overhead electrical  transmission lines, and houses or trees with sharp edges. For Myopes it is best carried out by use plus lenses.

2.Use of plus lenses while reading

3.Progressively weaker lenses

4.Fusing Ghosted Images

Sunday, January 1, 2017

Nepali And Scientific Name Of Some Plant Found In Nepal

1. Argeli-Edgeworthia  gerdeneri
2. Alaichi-Amomum subulatum
3. Aallo-Giardana diversifilam
4. Amriso-Thysanolxena maxima
5. Aamala-Emblica officinalis
6. Attis-Aconitum heterophyllium
7. Angeri-Lyonia ovalifolia
8. Asuro-Adhatoda vasica
9. Aakashebeli-Cuscuta reflexa
10. Aak-Cslotropis gigantica

11. Timur-Zanthaxylum armatum
12. Indreniful-Citrullus Calosynthis
13. Aaiselu-Rubus ellipticus
14. Jamun-Syzygium cumini
15.Kafal-Myrica esculenta
16. Chilaune-Schima wallichiana
17. Kabela-Fritilleria cirrhosa
18. Kaulo-Persea spps.
19. Katus-Castonopsis indicia
20. kimbu-Morus alba

21. Kutki-Picorrhizea latifolia
22. Kalo Muslai-Curculigo orchidies
23.Rudraksha-Elaeocarpus sphaericus
24.Simal-Bombax ceiba
25.Badhar- Atrocarpus lakoocha 
26. Kande Lude-Amaranthus spnosus
27. Kharsu-Quercus semicarpofolia
28. Khanyu-Ficus Semicordata
29. Khayer-Acacia Catechu
30. Ghol Tabre-Centella asiatica

31. Chiuri-Bassia butyric
32. Chattiban-Alstonica scholais
33.Titepati-Artemisia spps.
34. Tulsi-Ocium sanctum
35. Neem-Azaduracgta ubduca
36. Pipala-Piper longum
37. Pudina -Mentha spicsta
38. Banmasa-Eupatorium odoratum
39. Bel-Aegle mametos
40. Rithha-Sapindus mukorossi